Cargo handling facilities in Grenada have been modernized and expanded to cope with growing throughput.
During the 1990s the Port of St George's experienced a brisk increase in cargo volumes and by 1997 had embarked on a far-reaching expansion programme to cater for this growth.
Principally this involved an expansion of the port's main cargo handling area on the eastern side of the Carenage to increase the quay length and using an area of reclaimed land for open storage.
The second phase involved the development of Melville Street Cruise Terminal, one of the biggest construction projects ever undertaken in Grenada.
Today the port is better equipped than ever. One of the main aims of the expansion project was to separate the different sectors, Now, while the original port berths in the Carenage are focused on handling cargo vessels, the new cruise ship terminal, on the town's western shoreline, is part of a wider project to develop the Melville Street area for tourism.
The main berth for commercial vessels is 335 metres long with 9.1 metres depth alongside. Refurbished as recently as 2000, this berth provides 36,000 sq ft of open storage and five acres of container stacking areas.
At the end of the main quay is a 76 metre long schooner berth with 5,1 metres depth alongside. This berth handles mainly inter-island traffic. There is a dedicated warehouse with 10,432 sq ft of capacity. Traffic flow is kept largely separated from other port activities. There is a separate gate with Customs officers on hand to allow a speedy exit from the port.
A wide range of relatively new equipment is operated on the terminal including 14 fork-lift trucks, five tractor trailers, two reach stackers and one toplifter. The Ports Authority plans to acquire a 100 tonne capacity mobile harbour crane in the medium term.
In 2004 the port experienced a 10 per cent fall in throughout, caused mainly by the passage of Hurricane Ivan across the island. There were fewer imports of construction materials, while exports of home-grown produce such as bananas and nutmeg also fell temporarily. However, container traffic continued to grow by nearly 10 per cent to 14,375 teu.
The port enjoyed a record year in 2005, handling a total of 582,116 tonnes of cargo. Over 90 per cent of this was imports. Cargo traffic was significantly boosted by the import of construction materials and aggregates due to the heightened level of construction activities which took place post Hurricane Ivan. Container traffic has become a focus for !he port. representing about 40 per cent of total cargo throughput.
In 2013, the port handled some 437,650 tonnes of imported cargo and 36,100 tonnes of exports. Containers handled amounted to 8410 teu imported and 8091 teu exported. In addition the port handled some 189,612 passengers.
A major undertaking has been the implementation of the ISPS Code at the Port of St George's in 2004. This involved improvements to the port's physical security, such as fencing and lighting, in order to comply with the new international port security code.
As an additional measure, scanners were introduced at the cruise terminal to detect explosives and prohibited items such as firearms and narcotics. Also, CCTV cameras have been installed at strategic points to further reinforce passenger safety.
In the course of implementing the ISPS Code, more than 800 people - including agents, drivers, port workers, ship-owners, tour operators and vendors - attended training courses to familiarize themselves with the various aspects of the code.
Elsewhere on Grenada, the GPA is responsible for operations at the Port of Grenville on the east coast. Grenville currently has a single pier that is used mainly to receive small fishing craft and inter-island schooners.
This is set to change, however. An ambitious expansion plan - including a big land reclamation project - is on the table to develop Grenville into a major fishing port as well as equipping the port to handle more transit cargo. About 100 acres has been earmarked for development to create handling and storage areas so that Grenville can be revitalized.
The principal legislation governing the Authority is Cap. 247, the Grenada Ports Authority Act. The main subsidiary legislation is the Ports Regulations, SRO No 14 of 1981; the Schedule to these regulations is the Ports' Tariff, which is amended from time to time. The amendment now effective is SRO No 5 of 2010. Copies of the relevant legislation are available from the Authority's main office or from the Government's Printery Department.
Working hours are 07.00-12.00, 13.00-18.00 and 19.00-23.00. For further information contact the Port Manager via the GPA.
The Authority operates a computerised information system for the receipt and delivery of cargo. It is imperative that clear copies of the manifest are submitted to the Authority not less than 48 hours before arrival.
Compulsory for vessels over 200 grt. Port requires 24 hours' notice for entering and three hours' notice for departure. Pilot boards north-east of Annas Shoal. Pilots are available 24 hours a day.
All port-owned equipment should be requisitioned from the GPA at least 24 hours in advance. Two reach stackers of 41 and 45 tonnes capacity, one top lifter of 35 tonnes, 14 fork-lift trucks from 1 to 6 tonnes and five terminal tractors.
STEVEDORING & LONGSHORING
Provided by the GPA. Applications for cargo handling labour teams must be made at least 24 hours before the vessel arrives.
The following applies to the receipt, storage and delivery of cargo:
BULK - Cargo such as asphalt in drums, fertilizers, sugar and grain are usually delivered direct from ship to truck. Liquid petroleum bulk products are discharged from dedicated mooring points in Grand Mal Bay. Special approval is required from the Authority (and Customs) for the discharge of such bulks at places other than ports.
COLD STORAGE - Chilled or frozen cargo is normally delivered from ship to truck. However, the Authority has a limited number of plug-in points for on-site storage of reefer cargo.
CONTAINERS - Agents must authorize movement of containers from ports to inland destinations. A Container Interchange Form must be completed to allow movement from the port and upon return.
The free storage period is five working days, commencing from the date of discharge or of placement on the port. The free storage period for containers is 14 days for ro-ro and 21 days for lo-lo containers, or the next normally scheduled call of the line, whichever is sooner.
|Shed name/number||Size (sq ft)||Use|
|Transit Shed 1||20,000||General cargo|
|CARICOM Shed||10,432||General cargo|
|Old Shed 3||8,775||General cargo|
25 reefer plug-in points.
The Authority does not provide covered warehousing for all types of goods. A request must be made to the Authority with regard to goods that require special protection.
Dangerous and hazardous cargoes must be declared. The Authority has very limited facilities for storing such goods and importers must arrange for immediate removal from ports.
Licences are required for conducting business within the precincts of the ports. Such businesses include agency, brokerage, chandlery, commercial operation of marine craft and vending. The Authority is also responsible for control of port foreshore development. Approval must be obtained for any erection, installation or construction within the limits of the ports. Its approval must be obtained for any erection, installation or construction that will impinge on the foreshore or waters within the limits of the ports.
Many nationals abroad send or return to Grenada with an assortment of personal effects. These can include vehicles, machinery and equipment in addition to household effects. These items do not benefit from any special regime at the ports, so a check should be made with the Department of Customs to find out what rates of duty are likely to be levied. Also check with the Grenada Industrial Development Corporation to find out whether certain items qualify for special exemption. Failure to do so may result in significant charges as well as Excess Storage Rent being incurred at ports.
SALE OF GOODS AND CONTAINERS
The Authority may sell, after notice in the Government Gazette, and by public auction, goods and containers that remain on the premises after periods of time specified in the regulations have elapsed (usually not less than six weeks) The remainder of the proceeds of such sales, after certain expenses, including Customs charges, have been met, is payable to the original owner upon presentation of a claim to the Authority. Perishable goods and dangerous and offensive cargo may be sold or otherwise disposed of without notice.
Vehicles are subject to a Terminal Use charge based on weight or volume, whichever is greater, as well as other applicable charges in the Tariff. Vehicles and machinery that are described as personal effects are subject to all the usual charges and may attract Customs duties that may be significant. Before importing such items, check with the Department of Customs to find relevant rates and if any special concessions are available.